www.archaeology.ws/archive

http://popular-archaeology.com/issue/03012014/article/anatomically-modern-humans-left-africa-earlier-than-previously-thought-suggests-study

Anatomically Modern Humans Left Africa Earlier Than Previously Thought, Suggests Study

New research points to multiple dispersals, with the first one routing through southern Arabia as much as 130,000 years ago.

Mon, Apr 21, 2014

 

An international team of scientists conducting an analysis of the genetic diversity and cranial measurements of 10 African and Asian human populations conclude that anatomically modern humans may have dispersed out of Africa earlier than previously thought, and in more than one stage: initially into Asia by taking a southern route through Arabia as much as 130,000 years ago; and later into Northern Eurasia on a more northerly route 50,000 years ago.

The timing and nature of early modern human dispersal out of Africa has long been disputed among scholars, with competing theories or models about how and when it all occurred. The research team analyzed their data within the framework of the competing models, and came up with the model that best fits the results. "We tested for the first time to our knowledge the spatiotemporal dimensions of competing out-of-Africa dispersal models," write Hugo Reyes-Centeno and colleagues in their report, "analyzing in parallel genomic and craniometric data. Our results support an initial dispersal into Asia by a southern route beginning as early as 130 ka and a later dispersal into northern Eurasia by 50 ka."*  Reyes-Centeno is a paleoanthropologist with the Senckenberg Center for Human Evolution and Paleoenvironment, Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen, Germany. Other researchers included Katerina Harvati, also of Eberhard Karls University; Silvia Ghirotto and Guido Barbujani of the University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy; and Florent Détroit and Dominique Grimaud-Herve of the National Museum of Natural History, Paris, France. 

"This is consistent with archaeological evidence for modern human occupation in the southern Arabian Peninsula at 125 ka," write the authors. "This date [130,000 ka] is in intriguingly closer correspondence with the genetic divergence estimates for our sampled populations, with a calendar date of divergence between Melanesians and South Africans at 116 ka, for example. No modern human fossils have been discovered in the southern Arabian Peninsula, but lithic artifacts show affinities with African assemblages, including those discovered alongside the fossil remains at Herto, Ethiopia, dated between 154–160 ka."*

Genetic studies and fossil evidence show that the first common ancestral population of modern humans resided in Africa between 100–200 ka, and that members of one branch left Africa by between 125,000 and 60,000 years ago. A prominent theory suggests that over time these humans replaced earlier human populations such as Neanderthals and Homo erectus. Many scholars posit that the date of the earliest successful "out of Africa" migration took place about 60,000 years ago, according to genetic evidence, although recent archaeological finds on the Arabian Peninsula have suggested the possibility of a much earlier migration.

The study report was published April 21, 2014 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

*“Genomic and cranial phenotype data support multiple modern human dispersals from Africa and a southern route into Asia,” by Hugo Reyes-Centeno et al.  http://www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1323666111

 

http://popular-archaeology.com/issue/03012014/article/new-genetic-findings-about-stone-age-scandinavian-farmers-and-hunter-gatherers

New Genetic Findings About Stone-Age Scandinavian Farmers and Hunter-Gatherers

Stone-Age hunter-gatherers were assimilated by new farmer migrant populations, suggests study.

Thu, Apr 24, 2014

 

An international team led by researchers at Uppsala University and Stockholm University reports a breakthrough on understanding the demographic history of Stone-Age humans. A genomic analysis of eleven Stone-Age human remains from Scandinavia revealed that expanding Stone-age farmers assimilated local hunter-gatherers and that the hunter-gatherers were historically in lower numbers than the farmers. The study is published, ahead of print, in the journal Science.

The transition between a hunting-gathering lifestyle and a farming lifestyle has been debated for a century. As scientists learned to work with DNA from ancient human material, a complete new way to learn about the people in that period opened up. But even so, prehistoric population structure associated with the transition to an agricultural lifestyle in Europe remains poorly understood.

"For many of the most interesting questions, DNA-information from people today just doesn't cut it, the best way to learn about ancient history is to analyze direct data—despite the challenges", says Dr. Pontus Skoglund of Uppsala University, now at Harvard University, and one of the lead authors of the study.

"We have generated genomic data from the largest number of ancient individuals" says Dr. Helena Malmström of Uppsala University and one of the lead authors. "The eleven Stone-Age human remains were between 5,000 and 7,000 years old and associated with hunter-gatherer or farmer life-styles" says Helena Malmström.

Anders Götherström, who led the Stockholm University team, is satisfied with the amount of DNA that they could retrieve.

"Not only were we able to generate DNA from several individuals, but we did get a lot of it. In some cases we got the equivalent of draft genomes. A population genomic study on this level with a material of this age has never been done before as far as I know."

 

The material used in the study is from mainland Scandinavia as well as from the Baltic island Gotland, and it comprises of hunter-gatherers from various time periods as well as early farmers.

Professor Mattias Jakobsson, who led the Uppsala University team, is intrigued by the results.

"Stone-Age hunter-gatherers had much lower genetic diversity than farmers. This suggests that Stone-Age foraging groups were in low numbers compared to farmers", says Mattias Jakobsson.

Jan Storå at Stockholm University shares Mattias' fascination.

"The low variation in the hunter gatherers may be related to oscillating living conditions likely affecting the population sizes of hunter-gatherers. One of the additional exciting results is the association of the Mesolithic individual to both the roughly contemporaneous individual from Spain but also the association to the Neolithic hunter-gatherers."

The study confirms that Stone-Age hunter-gatherers and farmers were genetically distinct and that migration spread farming practices across Europe, but the team was able to go even further by demonstrating that the Neolithic farmers had substantial admixture from hunter-gatherers. Surprisingly, the hunter-gatherers from the Baltic Sea displayed no evidence of introgression from farmers.

"We see clear evidence that people from hunter-gatherer groups were incorporated into farming groups as they expanded across Europe", says Pontus Skoglund. "This might be clues towards something that happened also when agriculture spread in other parts of the world."

"The asymmetric gene-flow shows that the farming groups assimilated hunter-gatherer groups, at least partly", says Mattias Jakobsson. "When we compare Scandinavian to central European farming groups that lived at about the same time, we see greater levels of hunter-gatherer gene-flow into the Scandinavian farming groups."

This study is part of the recently initiated "Atlas project" - a large-scale genomic investigation of ancient human remains in Scandinavia led by Stockholm and Uppsala Universities and funded by the Swedish Foundation for Humanities and Social Sciences and the Swedish Research Council. The present study brings the first results from the project.

"We have only begun to scratch the surface of the knowledge that this project may bring us in the future" says Anders Götherström.

Source: Edited from a press release of Uppsala University.

 

http://www.heritagedaily.com/2014/04/egyptologists-identify-tomb-of-royal-children/102896?

Egyptologists identify tomb of royal children

ARCHAEOLOGY April 28, 2014 - No comments

tomb1

Basel Egyptologists of the University of Basel Kings’ Valley Project have been working on tomb KV 40 in the Valley of the Kings close to the city of Luxor for three years.

 

From the outside, only a depression in the ground indicated the presence of a subterranean tomb. Nothing was known about the layout of tomb KV 40 nor for whom it was built or buried there.

 

Close to the royal tombs in the Egyptian Valley of the Kings, excavations by Egyptologists from the University of Basel have identified the burial place of several children as well as other family members of two pharaohs.

 

The Egyptologists assumed that it was a non-royal tomb dating back to the 18th dynasty. They first cleared the six meter deep shaft which gives access to five subterranean chambers and then recovered the countless remains and fragments of funerary equipment.

 

Mummified royal children

 

The scientists discovered mummified remains of at least 50 people in the center chamber and in three side chambers. Based on inscriptions on storage jars, Egyptologists were able to identify and name over 30 people during this year’s field season. Titles such as “Prince” and “Princess” distinguish the buried as members of the families of the two pharaohs Thutmosis IV and Amenhotep III who are also buried in the Valley of Kings. Both pharaohs belonged to the 18th dynasty (New Kingdom) and ruled in the 14th century BC.

 

The analysis of the hieratic inscriptions (related to hieroglyphics) revealed that tomb KV 40 contains the mummified remains of at least 8 hitherto unknown royal daughters, four princes and several foreign ladies. Most of them were adults, however, mummified children were also found: “We discovered a remarkable number of carefully mummified new-borns and infants that would have normally been buried much simpler”, describes Egyptologist Prof. Susanne Bickel the findings.

 

“We believe that the family members of the royal court were buried in this tomb for a period of several decades.”

Remains of later burials in the proximity of the royal tombs gives the team of researchers important insight into who had the privilege to spend eternal life close to the pharaoh. “Roughly two thirds of the tombs in the Kings’ Valley are non-royal. Because the tombs do not have inscriptions and have been heavily plundered we so far have only been able to speculate on who lies buried in them”, explains Susanne Bickel.

 

Even though the tomb was looted several times in Antiquity, as well as at the end of the 19th century, the researchers found countless fragments of funerary equipment, such as fragments of coffins and textiles.

 

“The remains and the walls have been heavily affected by a fire that was most likely ignited by the torches of the tomb raiders”, suspects Susanne Bickel.

The fragments of various wooden and cartonnage coffins indicate that tomb KV 40 was used a second time as a burial ground: long after the abandonment of the valley as royal necropolis, members of priestly families of the 9th century BC were interred here.

 

Anthropological analyses as well as further examination on the burial goods will deliver important insight into the composition of the pharaonic court of the 18th dynasty as well as the conditions of life and the burial customs of its members.

 

Header Image Credit : Matjaz Kacicnik, Universität Basel/Ägyptologie

 

Contributing Source : University of Basel

 

© Copyright 2014 HeritageDaily - Heritage & Archaeology News

 

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2614568/The-lost-cities-Middle-East-uncovered-Cold-War-era-spy-satellite-photos-looking-Soviet-missile-bases-captured-historic-sites-overtaken-urban-development.html

The lost cities of the Middle East uncovered by Cold War-era spy satellite photos that were looking for Soviet missile bases and captured historic sites since overtaken by urban development

·         Reconnaissance photos captured by Cold War-era spy satellites have tripled the number of known archaeological sites across the Middle East

·         The new CORONA Atlas of the Middle East revealed 10,000 previously undiscovered sites in Iraq, Turkey and Syria – including long-lost cities that could be among the earliest in human history

·         The photos, dating from 1960-1972, were intended to expose Soviet missile bases and military camps

·         The images have proved an invaluable resource  because they pre-date the widespread construction of reservoirs, urban expansion, and agricultural intensification that the Middle East has undergone in recent decades

By DAVID MCCORMACK

PUBLISHED: 01:38, 28 April 2014 | UPDATED: 13:19, 28 April 2014

 

Reconnaissance photos captured by Cold War-era spy satellites have tripled the number of known archaeological sites across the Middle East, revealing thousands of ancient cities, roads, canals, and other ruins.

The archaeologists behind the new CORONA Atlas of the Middle East report that a survey of satellite images has revealed thousands of previously undiscovered sites in Iraq, Turkey and Syria – including long-lost cities that could be among the earliest in human history.

‘Some of these sites are gigantic, and they were completely unknown,’ said University of Arkansas archaeologist Jesse Casana at the launch of the atlas during the Society for American Archaeology’s annual conference on Thursday.

Reconnaissance photos captured by Cold War-era spy satellites have tripled the number of known archaeological sites across the Middle East, for instance this 1961 satellite photo shows Tell Rifaat in northwest Syria, which is now completely surrounded by a modern town

‘We can see all kinds of things – ancient roads and canals. The images provide a very comprehensive picture.’

The images were taken by the first generation of United States spy satellites - a system code-named CORONA - dating from 1960-1972. The photos were intended to expose Soviet missile bases and military camps, reports National Geographic.

 

America's feared nuclear missile facilities are still controlled by computers from the 1960s and floppy disks

Bear Grylls wins £1million deal for books inspired by his grandad's secret mission to thwart Hitler

CORONA images were acquired on large rolls of black-and-white film, and because no means of transmitting images remotely had yet been developed, canisters of film, once exposed, were ejected and parachuted to earth where they were intercepted in mid-air by a plane.

The archive, consists of more than 860,000 satellite images covering much of the world, was declassified by President Bill Clinton in 1995.

The 1960s image, left, captures an area of southern Iraq's marshes, many of which have since been drained, while the photo on the right shows the same location in the early 2000s

The University of Arkansas¿ Center for Advanced Spatial Technologies (CAST) has now developed methods for efficient orthorectification of CORONA imagery and now provides free public access to the imagery database

Until recently the photos had limited use as the unique imaging geometry of the CORONA satellite cameras, which produced long, narrow film strips, made correcting spatial distortions in the images a laborious task.

The University of Arkansas’ Center for Advanced Spatial Technologies (CAST) has now developed methods for efficient orthorectification of CORONA imagery and now provides free public access to the imagery database.

The images of the Middle East have proved to be an invaluable resource in the archaeology of the region because they pre-date the widespread construction of reservoirs, urban expansion, and agricultural intensification the area has undergone in recent decades.

Surveying land from Egypt to Iran - and encompassing the Fertile Crescent, the renowned cradle of civilization and location of some of humanity's earliest cities – the spy-satellite images have revealed 10,000 sites that had previously been unknown.

The largest sites, in Syria and Turkey, are most likely Bronze Age cities and include ruined walls and citadels.

Many of the CORONA images cover other areas of great interest to archaeologists, including Africa and China.

Signs of ancient habitation are visible in this satellite image of Tell Hamoukar in eastern Syriah, which was declassified by President Clinton in 1995

The photos were intended to expose Soviet missile bases and military camps, a missile launch site near Chelyabinsk in the USSR is outlined in this 1969 image

 

http://www.nltimes.nl/2014/04/25/roman-treasure-uncovered-limburg/

Roman Treasure Uncovered, Limburg

The recent discovery of a gold-and silver treasure in Echt, Limburg, is casting new light on the collapse of the Roman Empire in the Netherlands, around 411 AD.

This treasure, a combination of golden coins and chopped silver, is the first one found in the Netherlands from the time of Roman ruling. It points to the time of Roman decline in the area because the silver is cut into bits, which typifies how soldiers were paid in times of economic crisis.

This was announced by the Free University of Amsterdam (VU) in Venlo on Friday after archaeological research. The golden coins were partly made by Kaiser Konstantin III (407-411). They were buried ‘fresh off the press’, the VU reports. It’s possible that the treasure was buried after a defeat of the Romans.

The University posits that the silver shards are especially indicative of an economic and military crisis in the Late Roman Empire. The valuable silver plates were cut into shards to serve as a method of payment. Romans paid German warlords with these valuable plates to close an alliance with them and avoid future invasion. The German warlords subsequently cut these plates into bits and paid their soldiers with them.

Roman era treasure

Konstantin III tried to ward off a German invasion in the area between Maas and Rijn by flaunting the money, and thereby forming alliances with the German warlords. According to the archaeologists, the treasure found in Echt belonged to a German officer who quickly buried his winnings, when Konstantin III led a defeat in 411.

 

http://www.theolivepress.es/spain-news/2014/04/28/excavations-underway-in-search-for-cervantes-remains/

Excavations underway in search for Cervante’s remains

PUBLISHED: APRIL 28, 2014 AT 2:27 PM  •  LAST EDITED: APRIL 28, 2014 AT 3:30 PM

 

THE search for the remains of legendary Spanish author Cervantes begins today, with excavations at the Las Trinitarias Descalzas convent in Madrid’s historic las Letras district.

The search team will know by the end of the year whether or not the search has been successful, in an operation estimated to be costing €100,000.

Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra died on the very same day as William Shakespeare, but where he is buried remains as much a mystery as the meaning of his book Don Quixote.

Evidence has existed since 1870 of undiscovered burial sites underneath the convent in the capital.

And now experts are set to use specialist geo-radar equipment in a bid to unearth his bones.

The city’s heritage department aims to find the body, dig it up, perform tests and then rebury it.

Cervantes died a poor man in the capital on April 23, 1616, aged 69.

His bones could reveal whether he died of cirrhosis, as it has been claimed, the writer being a notoriously heavier drinker.

“They may not just help us to discover what he looked like, but also why he died,” said historian Fernando Prado.

“It is said that he was very ill late in life, but that is also when he was very productive as an author.”

It is known that he had earlier suffered a gunshot wound to the chest and damage to his left hand at the Battle of Lepanto in 1571 which may help identify the correct body.

He was survived by one daughter, meaning a DNA sample could be used if any descendants are found.

His masterpiece, Don Quixote, has been translated into more than 60 languages.

It is hoped the work can be carried out by 2016, when there are plans for a joint global celebration to mark the anniversaries of the death of Cervantes and Shakespeare.

 

http://napoleon-monuments.eu/MONUMENTSENPERIL/Quatre-Bras_EN.htm

THE HISTORIC QUATRE-BRAS FARM IS GOING TO BE DESTROYED :

WHAT YOU CAN DO !

Fourth request for demolition (04/2014)

 

Public enquiry from 22 April until 9 May 2014.

 

Again, this project aims at a complete destruction of the farm in order to build a shop and an elderly home.

 

Dear Friends of History

 

Already in September 2008, in February 2011and in 2013, we appealed to many of you in order to save from destruction the historic Quatre-Bras farm, maybe the last witness of the famous battle of 16 June 1815 (two day before Waterloo). It is located at the crossroads of the roads from Namur to Nivelles and from Brussels to Charleroi, and also served as a hospital after the battle.

Our appeal met a great success and thanks to your massive response, the project was rejected and the authorization to destroy the historic farm turned down.

Now, again, the owner, a property developer, has introduced a new request to destroy the farm buildings in order to build a shop and an elderly home.

 

Again, we have to stand up against this project and express our disapproval of it. We already had some important support from the French side, but we desperately need British and Dutch (and other) support too!  If some British and Dutch (Napoleonic or military) associations and museums would care to send a letter to the "Administration communale" of both towns, we are sure this could have some impact!

 

The farm being located at the border of two districts, the e-mails and/or letters of rejection have to be addressed to both municipalities:

- at Genappe:     by e-mail at: info@genappe.be

          and/or by mail at:

                                            Au Collège Communal,

                                            Espace 2000, 3,

                                            B-1470 Genappe

                                            Belgium

 

- at Villers-la-Ville : by e-mail at olivier.vantielen@publilink.be and valerie.damanet@publilink.be, the two local officials in charge of the town planning at Villers-la-Ville. (If one of these addresses gives an error message, please try again, their mailbox has already been saturated once.)

 

                                                 BEFORE 9 MAY 2014 (after that date, it's too late). Don't forget to mention name, address and phone number, and also "Fait à... " "Done at"+ the place where you are and the date.

 Here is an exemple of letter in French you can use, mentioning of course your name and address. You can take over the whole letter or just a part of it.

 

Thank you to inform us of any action or letter at dominique.timmermans@skynet.be, so that I can keep you informed of any development.

 

You can find some arguments in the letters (in English) I wrote last year for the ministers.

 

Third request for demolition 2012-2013

 

M. Carlo Di Antonio, Minister of Cultural Heritage, has asked his services to examine the opportunity of listing the farm. These services have refused, saying that "there were already many 1815 buildings listed" and "that the farm didn't play an important role in the battle" !

 

Update  16 March 2013

 

I have translated the three letters to the ministers in English, so you can exactly read what our arguments are :

 

Only a few days left. Please act now ! At the end of the month, it will be too late !

 

5 March 2013

 

- Two other articles: http://www.lacapitale.be/674733/article/regions/brabant-wallon/actualite/2013-03-01/genappe-les-defenseurs-du-patrimoine-contre-attaquent-pour-sauver-la-

http://www.lavenir.net/article/detail.aspx?articleid=DMF20130228_00274894&postcode=1470

 

1 March 2013

 

A newspaper article : http://www.lavenir.net/article/detail.aspx?articleid=DMF20130226_00273931&postcode=1470

 

22 February 2013

 

We think the best thing that is left to be done is to write in great numbers to the competent authorities, the Walloon Government. You will find underneath the names and addresses of the three ministers in charge.

 

M. Philippe Henry,

Ministre de l’Environnement, de l’Aménagement du territoire et de la Mobilité

Rue des Brigades d'Irlande 4

B-5100 Jambes (Namur)

Belgium

Tel : +32(0)81.32.35.11

Fax : +32(0)81.32.34.75

http://henry.wallonie.be/

Contact: http://henry.wallonie.be/contact

 

He is responsible for the "'Aménagement du Territoire", more or less "town and country planning" and his services gave the authorisation to destroy the building.

 

 

You can find un example of a letter to him in French here (please adapt the letter, even in English, and don't forget to put you name and address):

 

LettreTypeMinistreHenry

 

LettreTypeMinistreHenry_EN

 

 

M. Carlo Di Antonio

Ministre des Travaux publics, de l’Agriculture, de la Ruralité, de la Nature, de la Forêt et du Patrimoine

Chaussée de Louvain 2

B-5000 Namur

Belgium

Tel : +32(0)81.710.310

Fax : +32(0)81.710.380

http://diantonio.wallonie.be/

Contact : http://diantonio.wallonie.be/contact

 

He is in charge of the "Patrimoine", our cultural heritage, and as such also competent, as the person who gave the authorisation is also in charge for the "Patrimoine".

 

You can find un example of a letter to him in French here (please adapt the letter, even in English, and don't forget to put you name and address:

 

LettreTypeMinistreDiAntonio

 

LettreTypeMinistreDiAntonio_EN

 

 

M. Paul Furlan

Ministre des Pouvoirs locaux, de la Ville et du Tourisme

Rue du Moulin de Meuse, 4

B-5000 Beez (Namur)

Belgium

Tel : +32(0)81.234.711

Fax : +32(0)81.234.720

http://furlan.wallonie.be/

Contact : http://furlan.wallonie.be/contact

 

He is in charge of Tourism and is setting up a tourist trail on the 1815 battlefields. But what's the use if they destroy what is to be seen ?

 

You can find un example of a letter to him in French here (please adapt the letter, even in English, and don't forget to put you name and address

 

LettreTypeMinistreFurlan

 

LettreTypeMinistreFurlan_EN

 

These three letters are slightly different and put the accent on the minister's area of responsibility.

 

Of course, I have already written, as has the president of the ACMN. And I can tell you the Duke of Wellington in person has done the same thing !

 

We have 60 days from the day it was officially announced (January 31, 2013). So we have until the end of March.

 

 

 

We support the restauration project of the Brunswick monument at Quatre-Bras by the Braunschweig Gelernte Jäger Kompanie-Belgium : http://napoleon-monuments.eu/SOUSCRIPTION_BRUNSWICK.pdf

 

 

 

1 February 2013

 

Dear Friends

I have just heard that the government official of the Walloon Region, in charge of this matter, has given his approval for the destruction of the historic Quatre-Bras farm.

http://www.genappe.be/commune/services-communaux/urbanisme/ferme-des-quatre-bras-a-baisy-thy

This means that this official doesn't care at all about its historic worth !

Even less about the fact that the good is mentioned in the inventory of the "Monumental heritage of Belgium".

He has taken none of our 2008 and 2011 objections into account.

Genappe has introduced an appeal, but this has nothing to do with the historic aspect of the place.

This means that our two victories of 2008 and 2011 will have been in vain.

If a project is rejected, it's enough to reintroduce it until it is accepted ! It's that simple.

Yours.

Dominique Timmermans

 

 

 

Everything underneath is related to the two first requests for demolition, but I leave it so you can understand the complete story

 

Second request for demolition 2011

 

Update February 2012

 

IMMO RPM went in appeal but was ruled out. The refusal of the demolition was confirmed. But in the meantime, the building goes on deteriorating.

 

 

 

23/05/11

 

A very good article :                                        SAUVONS LA FERME DES QUATRE-BRAS

 

27/04/11

 

The "Collège communal" of Genappe has given a negative advice, even if they agree with the principle of the building of a home for the elderly at that place.  The negative advice is, among other things, motivated by an absence of guarantee on the future use of the place and by the negative advice of the fire department.

 

The government official of the Walloon Region, in charge of this matter, has rejected the request.

 

We are very glad that he mentioned,

 

"Considérant que le bien est repris à l'inventaire du "Patrimoine monumental de la Belgique".

 

"Considering the fact that the good is mentioned in the inventory of the "Monumental heritage of Belgium"

 

However, this doesn't mean that the farm has been saved, because we suppose another request will be introduced.  To be continued...

 

Thank you for your support.

 

 

 

 18/02/11 : an exemple of lettre in French you can use , mentioning of course your name and address BEFORE 22 FEBRUARY 2011.

 

Don't forget to mention name, address and phone number, and also "Fait à... " "Done at"+ the place where you are and the date.

 

I've just heard that and they seem to refuse without that !

 

15/02/11

 

Dear Friends of History

 

Already in September 2008, we appealed to many of you in order to save the historic Quatre-Bras farm, maybe the last witness of the famous battle of 16 June 1815 (two day before Waterloo), from destruction. It is located at the crossroads of the roads from Namur to Nivelles and from Brussels to Charleroi, and also served as a hospital after the battle.

Our appeal met a great success and thanks to your massive response, the project was rejected and the authorization to destroy the historic farm turned down.

Now, two years later, the owner, a property developer, has introduced a new request to destroy the farm buildings in order to build new houses and offices.

 

Again, we have to stand up against this project and express our disapproval of it. We already had some important support from the French side, but we desperately need British and Dutch (and other) support too!  If some British and Dutch (Napoleonic or military) associations and museums would care to send a letter to the "Administration communale" of both towns, we are sure this could have some impact!

 

The farm being located at the border of two districts, the e-mails and/or letters of rejection have to be addressed to both municipalities:

- at Genappe:     by e-mail at: info@genappe.be

          and/or by mail at:

                                            Au Collège Communal,

                                            Espace 2000, 3,

                                            B-1470 Genappe

                                            Belgium

 

- at Villers-la-Ville : by e-mail at olivier.vantielen@publilink.be and valerie.damanet@publilink.be, the two local officials in charge of the town planning at Villers-la-Ville. (If one of these addresses gives an error message, please try again, their mailbox has already been saturated once.)

                                                 BEFORE 22 FEBRUARY 2011 (after that date, it's too late).

Don't forget to mention your complete name and address. This is compulsory for your request to be accepted.

You can write in English or get some inspiration here, from our press release in French:

http://napoleon-monuments.eu/MONUMENTSENPERIL/20110210CommuniqueQuatre-Bras.doc

 

Only a few weeks after the theft of the Christ at the Hougoumont farm and of the commemorative stone on the south wall of the Quatre-Bras farm, we can not allow the new act of - what some of you very eloquently called – " historical barbarism" to happen.

 

Thank you to inform us of any action or letter at dominique.timmermans@skynet.be, so that I can keep you informed of any development.

 

Many thanks in advance.

Yours sincerely.

Dominique Timmermans

Maj (R)

(Coverage in the Belgian press on our page in French: http://napoleon-monuments.eu/MONUMENTSENPERIL/Belgique.htm)

 

 

 

Update: 01/02/11

 

This commemorative stone on the southern wall has recently been stolen.  The stone has been very "carefully" cut out and taken away. The theft probably took place around mid-December and a car with Dutch licence plate has been seen by witnesses.  Moreover, a part of the roof was blown away and water infiltrations get worse.  A request by the burgomaster to cover the roof with a canvas sheet remained had no effect.

 

Before:                                                                                                                                                                                            Now :

 

             

First request for demolition 2008

 

18/09/08

 

Dear Friends,

 

First of all, many thanks !

 

Your reactions exceeded all our hopes!

 

Many Napoleonic associations and many personalities answered our call and indicated their concern for this historic building towards the local authorities.

 

I mention, more of less in chronological order :

 

- the A.C.M.N. (Association for the preservation of Napoleonic monuments) (through the President, Mr Robert Chénier, and many membres, among whom the webmaster of the website, who started this action)

- the Souvenir Napoléonien (through the President, Mr Ronald ZINS)

- the Amis de Ligny (through the President, Colonel e.r. Pierre COUVREUR, and the Secretary general)

- the Amis de l'Empéri (through the President)

- the City of Fleurus

- the 'Associazione Napoleonica Italiana (to be confirmed)

- the A.P.N. (Friends of the Napoleonic Heritage)(through the President and the Secretary general)

- the Mexico-France Napoleonic Institute - Instituto Napoleónico México-Francia INMF - Asociación Histórica y Cultural (through the President Mr Eduardo Garzon-Sobrado).

- the International Napoleonic Society (INS) (through the President, the late Mr Ben WEIDER and the official delegate for France, Mr Jean-Claude Damamme)

and last but not least Lieutenant General Sir Peter Graham, KCB CBE, last Colonel The Gordon Highlanders.

 

We also received many reactions and letters of support from Belgium, France, the Netherlands, Great-Britain, Switzerland, Spain, Germany and even Canada and Mexico !

 

 

 

07/11/08

What's the current situation ?

 

The Mayor and his deputies, as well as the local government technical official and the representative of the Ministry of the Walloon Region have rejected the request for destruction as brought in by the property developer.

 

Please find underneath the e-mail which has just been sent by the local council of Genappe.

 

« Re.      :         request for a single planning permission  N° 2008/02

Demolition of a farm and building of an apartment complex and shops and running of a covered parking complex of 47 parking places and a propane storage of 50.000 litres.

Located at 1470 Baisy-Thy and 1495 Villers-La-Ville, at the corner of the rue du Dernier Patard 91 and the chaussée de Namur

Land Registry section M, n° 257h, 258m2, 260m, 260n, 258f2, 257g in Baisy-Thy and Land Registry section A, n° 35g and 35h in Villers-La-Ville.

Asked by : IMMO RPM SPRL

            ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

    Dear Sirs,

 

                We inform you of the fact that the thing planning permission mentioned above has been refused by the local government technical official and by the representative of the Ministry of the Walloon Region on the 24th of October 2008.

 

    A notice specifying the object of the decision and the methods of appeal will be displayed on the spot and at the town hall from 05 until 27 November 2008.

 

    During this period, the requests and the decision can be consulted at the town planning department during working hours from 8h00 until 11h45 and on Thursday from 16h30 until 19h00.

 

               Yours sincerely.

 

   For the Town Planning Department

   NN.

 

So this is an important positive point.  We have won the first battle, but the war is far from over. We must stay alert and remain mobilised, because the property developer will surely bring in a new projet. 

 

If you haven't done yet, you can still ask to be directly informed by giving your name, first name, address and e-mail address to the administration of Genappe, at following e-mail address info@genappe.be , asking to be informed of the evolution of the project.

 

The more people write, the more they’ll feel the importance of the matter.

 

 I’ll try to pass there to have a look and see what is displayed.

 

Of course, we shall keep you informed of any development. Please let us know if your association or yourself do something. Thanks in advance.

 

Many thanks to Mr Yves Moerman, Eduardo Garzon-Sobrado, Robert Chénier and Bas de Groot for the information and the support they gave us.

 

Any question or information may be passed on to : dominique.timmermans[a]skynet.be .

 

You can discuss the matter here : http://www.napoleon-series.org/cgi-bin/forum/webbbs_config.pl?read=96815

 

 

 

 

 

07/09/2008

 

Dear Friends,

 

Another witness of the Napoleonic era is about to disappear.  I just heard that a request had been brought in for an authorisation to demolish the famous Quatre-Bras farm, at the crossroads of the roads from Namur to Nivelles and from Brussels to Charleroi, one of the last witnesses of the famous battle on the 16th of June 1815.

 

 

 

 Here is a picture of the advertisement.

 

 

 

 

 

It is not too late to intervene, but it is time, and well worth trying.

 

If some British Napoleonic association would care to send a lettre to the Communal Administration of Genappe, we are sure this could have some impact !

 

Send your remarks/questions/disapproval to the :

 

Collège communal,

Espace 2000 n° 3

1470 Genappe

 

Thank you to inform us of any action or letter at dominique.timmermans[a]skynet.be.

 

You can find the exact spot on GoogleEarth by looking for 50°34' 17.53 N et 4° 27'13.72 E.

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/apr/26/canada-shipwreck-breadalbane

Canada releases pictures of world's most northerly shipwreck

• Breadalbane sank in 1853 on search for Franklin expedition

• Wooden three-master is well preserved in icy waters

Suzanne Goldenberg, US environment correspondent

theguardian.com, Saturday 26 April 2014 14.38 BST

 

Canada has released underwater images of the world's most northernly shipwreck – a three-masted merchant ship that went down 161 years ago after becoming trapped in Arctic ice.

 

The Canadian Armed Forces and Parks Canada produced the footage over six days, lowering a remotely operated HD camera through a hole in the sea ice, to capture images of a barnacle-encrusted hull and anchor from the ocean floor.

 

“It's rare to have such a detailed view of a shipwreck from 1853,” Jonathan Moore, a senior underwater archaeologist for Parks Canada, said in a statement. “We anticipate more discoveries and insights as we pore over the collected information.”

 

The Breadalbane sank in the Barrow strait in August 1853, after becoming trapped in packed ice near Beechey Island in what is now Nunavut. The ship was a supply vessel for ships searching for traces of the doomed Franklin expedition.

 

Breadalbane

Leading Seaman Keith Slade checks the cables running from the DRDC camp to underwater sensors. Photograph: Operation Nunalavit/Flickr

Captain John Franklin was searching for a route through the Northwest passage when his ship also became icebound. The entire crew of 128 was lost.

 

The Breadalbane was the last and the largest of a series of ships sent out by the Royal Navy to discover Franklin's fate. It also got trapped in fast-moving Arctic ice, and sank within 15 minutes.

 

The 21 crew abandoned ship; all were eventually rescued. The Breadalbane remained undiscovered in 100 metres of water until 1980.

 

It has since been declared a national historic site in Canada.